Forest Resource

Introduction

The state of Jammu and Kashmir is covered by lofty mountains, which receive heavy rainfall and snow. Dense forests are found everywhere particularly in outer and inner Himalayan ranges. High mountains of Ladakh and Kargil receive a very little rainfall; therefore, these are devoid of forest cover. However vast grass lands and abundant medicinal and aromatic plants grow there.

Table 1
Land use pattern

Land use types

area(000’h˜)

Percentage                    

Total Geographical Area                                          

22,224 

 

Reporting area for land utilization(o)

4012

100.00

Forests

2254

56.20

Not available for land cultivation

573

14.29

Permanent pastures and other grazing lands

114

2.84

Land under misc. tree crops and groves

65

1.62

Culturable wasteland

134

3.34

Fallow land other than current fallows

16

0.40

Current fallows

114

2.84

Net area sown

741

18.47

(o): Excludes area under illegal occupation of Pakistan and China
Source: Land use Statistics. Ministry of Agriculture GOI, 2013 (Source: ISFR, 2017)

Table 9.2
Forest Cover Within and outside Green wash area

Forest cover within green wash area

(area in sq.km)

Very dense Forest

3698

Moderately dense forest

6148

Open forest

5564

Total

15410

Forest cover outside green wash area

 

Very dense Forest

377

Moderately dense forest

2431

Open forest

5023

Total

7831

Total forest cover

23241

Tree cover

7815

Total forest &Tree cover

31056

Of State’s Geographical area

13.97 %

Of India’s Forest and Tree cover

3.87 %

Per capita forest and Tree Cover

0.25 ha                            

(Source: ISFR, 2017)

Table 3
Altitude-wise Forest Cover (area in sq. km)

Altitude Zone

G. A

VDF

MDF

O. F

Total

0-500

5084

1

227

681

909

500-1000

6585

51

1367

2242

3660

1000-2000

16089

666

2391

2941

5998

2000-3000

19306

2716

3343

2890

8949

3000-4000

33728

641

1248

1995

3684

>4000

141,444

0

3

38

41

Total

222236

4075

8579

10587

23241

Based in SRTM digital elevation model (Source: ISFR, 2017)

Table 4
Forest cover in different patch size classes

S.No

Patch size Range in sq.km

No. of patches

Area(sq, km)

%

1

0.01≤1.0

41,872

2900

12.48

2

1.0≤10

798

2067

8.89

3

10≤100

97

2754

11.85

4

100≤500

15

3120

13.42

5

500≤1000

4

2874

12.37

6

1000≤5000

5

9526

40.99

 

TOTAL

42,791

23,241

100

(Source: ISFR, 2017)

Table 5
District -wise Forest Cover

District

G. A

2017 Assessment

%of G. A

Change

Scrub*

 

 

VERY DENSE

MDF

O F

Total

 

 

 

Anantnag

3,984

149

617

621

1387

34.81

-14

14

Baramulla

4,588

4,55

321

391

1157

25.22

34

15

Budgam

1371

108

69

135

312

22.76

61

17

Doda

11691

589

1663

1567

3819

32.69

22

7

Jammu

3097

0

315

581

896

28.93

1

53

Kargil

4037

0

1

45

46

0.33

7

27

Kathua

2651

111

618

645

1374

51.83

-24

7

Kupwara

2379

468

369

313

1150

48.34

0

3

Leh

45,110

0

14

78

92

0.20

-3

28

Outside LOC

1,20,848

1347

2460

4322

7229

5.98

245

335

Poonch

1674

187

289

239

715

42.71

-13

4

Pulwama

1398

104

102

292

498

35.62

21

5

Rajouri

2630

48

437

759

1244

47.30

4

8

Srinagar

2228

162

217

207

586

26.30

-41

8

Udhampur

4550

357

1087

1292

2736

60.13

-47

42

Total

222236

4075

8579

10587

23241

10.46

253

573

*Change compared to updated 2017 Assessment (Source: ISFR, 2017)
Table 6

Growing Stock

 

Growing Stock                         

% Contribution   to country

Growing Stock in Recorded Forest Area

232.837 m cum

5.52

Growing Stock in TOF

146.082 m cum

9.11

Potential   Production   of industrial   wood from TOF

2.80 m cum                                     

3.76

Bamboo bearing area within   forest area of the state

-

-

Total number of culms

-

-

Total green weight equivalent of culms

 

 

(Source: ISFR, 2017)

Carbon Stock in forest

The total Carbon stock of forests in the State is 275.926 million  tonnes  (1011.729 million  tonnes  of CO, equivalent)  which  is 3.90% of total forest  carbon of the country (Source: ISFR, 2017)

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