Disaster Profile J&K

Disaster and Hazard profile of J&K State:

Table 1: The typical natural and anthropogenic disasters in the State of J&K

Natural Disaster Manmade Disaster
Incessant Rainfall Urban fire-house & Forest
Flash Flood Village fire-house & Forest
Hailstorm, Snow Avalanches & Snow Tsunami Road accidents
Earthquake Communal disturbances
Wind Storm

Table 2: Hazards and the corresponding areas covered in the State of J&K

S.No Hazard Areas Covered
1) Earthquakes Most parts of the Kashmir Valley (11% of the area of the state) covering the Districts of Srinagar, Ganderbal, Baramulla, Kupwara, Bandipora, Budgam, Anantnag, Pulwama, Doda, Ramban, Kishtwar come under Seismic Zone V, where around 50% of the population of the State lives. Rest of the State including whole of Ladakh region and Jammu Division (90% of the total area of the state) are under the Seismic Zone IV.
2) Floods Low-lying areas of the Kashmir Valley, especially Sonawari, Awantipora, Srinagar, alongwith parts of Jammu are prone to floods. Upper catchments of all the tributaries of the Jhelum, Indus, Chenab and Tawi rivers are prone to flash floods.
3) Avalanches & Snow Blizzards Higher reaches of Kashmir including Anantnag, Kulgam, Gurez, Kargil, Leh, Doda, Ramban, Kishtwar, Banihal etc. face avalanches.
4) Landslides Areas along major highways particularly Ramban, Panthial, Banihal, Doda, Kishtwar, Gulmarg, Dawar, Gurez, Tangdhar, Rajouri etc. are landslide prone.
5) Drought Most parts of Jammu division including Doda, Udhampur, Kathua, Jammu etc. are drought prone.
6) Wind storm Occasional wind storms destroying crops, horticulture and roof-tops of houses. Ladakh has been identified as prone to high speed winds but there are hardly any damages due to wind storm, perhaps due to the sparse population and traditional house construction practices.
7) Fires All District Headquarters/ densely populated towns and especially Gurez, Doda, Kishtwar and other inaccessible areas are prone to fire incidents. However, incidents of fires are equally high in the plains as well as in Srinagar city.
8) Rail & Road Accidents Hilly roads especially in Doda, Ramban, Udhampur, Rajouri, Reasi, Poonch, Kishtwar, Ramban, Baramulla, Anantnag, Pulwama, Budgam, Jammu, Kathua, Zojila, Kargil, Leh etc. are prone to road accidents.
9) Cloudbursts All hilly areas of the State are prone to cloudbursts.
10) Human induced disasters All Districts are vulnerable to man-made disasters.
11) Others Several parts of the state face hazards like thunderstorms, cloud burst, hailstorms, forest fires, dam bursts, heavy snowing, human epidemics and livestock epidemic, etc. from time to time; few of which occasionally convert into situations like disaster

(Data Source: J&K State Disaster Management Policy 2011)



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